Definition of the Situation April 24, 2014Posted by larry in Culture, Frame Analysis, Philosophy, Psychology.
The concept of the definition of the situation originates with William Isaac Thomas, possibly in Thomas and Florian Znaniecki’sThe Polish Peasant in Europe and America (1918-1920). The concept was given new vigor and poignancy in the fifties by Erving Goffman in his study of roles in face-to-face social interaction in Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1957). Goffman agreed to a significant extent with what has become known as the Thomas theorem (1928): “If men define things as real, they are real in their consequences”.
Most situations bring their histories along with them. To do well in a situation, it pays to know something of its history. And to successfully redefine a situation, it may be essential to know that situation’s history. Sometimes the history can be daunting and intimidating thereby rendering the situation daunting and intimidating.
The concept of the definition of the situation is closely related to frame analysis, although this relationship is not always explored, to the detriment of both approaches, I think.